Grab Reports Third Quarter 2023 Results
Grab Holdings Limited (NASDAQ: GRAB) today announced unaudited financial results for the third quarter ended September 30, 2023.
- Revenue grew 61% year-over-year to $615 million
- Loss for the period improved by 71% year-over-year to $99 million
- Group Adjusted EBITDA grew to $29 million, delivering Grab’s first Adjusted EBITDA profitable quarter
- 2023 Revenue and Group Adjusted EBITDA outlook raised to $2.31 billion to $2.33 billion and $(20) million to $(25) million, respectively
SINGAPORE, November 9, 2023 – Grab Holdings Limited (NASDAQ: GRAB) today announced its unaudited financial results for the third quarter ended September 30, 2023.
“We achieved our first positive Group Adjusted EBITDA this quarter as we reached another all-time high in Group MTUs and saw increased earnings for our driver-partners,” said Anthony Tan, Group Chief Executive Officer and Co-Founder of Grab. “While this is an important milestone for Grab, it is just one of many steps in our journey as we continue to drive growth in a sustainable and profitable manner. Our progress forward remains anchored on improving our marketplace efficiency, building better and more affordable services for our users, and empowering the millions of everyday entrepreneurs on our platform to thrive.”
“Our third quarter results reflect our consistency and discipline in execution. Revenues grew 61% year-over-year while Deliveries Segment Adjusted EBITDA margin expanded to 3.4% amid continued Deliveries GMV growth,” said Peter Oey, Chief Financial Officer of Grab. “On the back of the strong results, we are revising up our outlook on full year 2023 Revenues and Group Adjusted EBITDA. As we look beyond 2023, we will continue to sharpen our focus on generating Adjusted EBITDA and Free Cash Flows, while maintaining cost discipline to drive further operating leverage.”
Group Third Quarter 2023 Key Operational and Financial Highlights
- Revenue grew 61% year-over-year (“YoY”) to $615 million in the third quarter of 2023, and 62% YoY on a constant currency basis, primarily attributed to growth across all our segments, continued incentive optimization and a change in business model for certain delivery offerings in one of our markets.
- Total GMV grew 5% YoY, and 6% YoY on a constant currency basis, primarily attributed to growth in Mobility and Deliveries GMV, and Group MTUs growing 7% YoY. Notably, On-Demand GMV grew 14% YoY and 3% quarter-over-quarter (“QoQ”).
- Foreign exchange currency fluctuations impacted our results during the quarter. Total revenue and GMV grew 8% and 2% QoQ respectively, while on a constant currency basis, they grew by 10% and 3% QoQ, respectively.
- Total incentives were 7.1% of GMV in the third quarter, compared to 9.4% in the same period in 2022, demonstrating our continued focus on improving the health and efficiency of our marketplace.
- Loss for the quarter was $99 million, representing a 71% improvement YoY, primarily due to the improvement in Group Adjusted EBITDA and a reduction in net interest expenses, fair value losses on investments, and share-based compensation expenses. Our loss for the quarter included $70 million in non-cash share-based compensation expenses.
- Group Adjusted EBITDA turned positive for the first time at $29 million for the quarter, an improvement of $190 million compared to negative $161 million for the same period in 2022, as we continued to grow GMV and revenue, while improving profitability on a Segment Adjusted EBITDA basis and lowering regional corporate costs.
- Regional corporate costs for the quarter was $192 million, compared to $208 million in the same period in 2022, as we continued to drive cost efficiencies across the organization. Overhead expenses declined 9% YoY, primarily driven by lower staff costs.
- Cash liquidity totaled $5.9 billion at the end of the third quarter, compared to $5.6 billion at the end of the prior quarter. Our net cash liquidity was $5.2 billion at the end of the third quarter, compared to $4.9 billion at the end of the prior quarter.
The guidance represents our expectations as of the date of this press release, and may be subject to change.
Segment Financial and Operational Highlights
- Deliveries revenue grew 79% YoY, or 82% YoY on a constant currency basis, to $306 million in the third quarter from $171 million in the same period in 2022. The strong growth was primarily attributed to a reduction in incentives, GMV growth, and a change in business model of certain Deliveries offerings in one of our markets.
- Deliveries GMV continued to grow in the third quarter by 7% YoY, or 8% YoY on a constant currency basis, and 1% QoQ or 3% QoQ on a constant currency basis. Growth was underpinned by robust demand, as we improved affordability of our services and drove user engagement via GrabUnlimited. In particular, Deliveries transactions and average order frequency both increased 2% QoQ.
- As we drive greater affordability of our services and expand Saver deliveries to more cities, adoption continues to track healthily, increasing average order frequency among existing users and enabling Grab to serve new users. In Malaysia and Singapore where the services were first launched, the penetration of Saver has reached over a third of Deliveries MTUs.
- GrabUnlimited also continues to enhance user engagement on our platform. During the quarter, GrabUnlimited subscribers spent 4.2x more in Food Deliveries relative to non-subscribers and continued to have average retention rates that were approximately 2x higher than non-subscribers.
- Deliveries segment adjusted EBITDA as a percentage of GMV expanded to 3.4% in the third quarter of 2023 from 2.7% in the second quarter of 2023 and 0.4% in the third quarter of 2022, amid further optimization of incentives spend, increased operational efficiencies and GMV growth.
- During the quarter, we also focused on enhancing driver efficiency and earnings. Batching rates improved 330 basis points QoQ and 520 basis points YoY, while average driver-partner earnings per transit hour for batched orders were 5% higher compared to unbatched orders.
- Mobility revenues continued to grow strongly, rising 31% YoY, and on a constant currency basis, during the third quarter. The increase was mainly attributed to our efforts to improve supply across the region, which enabled us to capture the recovery in tourism ride-hailing demand, and the growth in domestic demand.
- Mobility GMV increased 30% YoY and on a constant currency basis, driven by frequency uplifts and more users adopting our economical Mobility offerings. Mobility transactions increased 37% YoY and 12% QoQ, and Mobility MTUs grew 24% YoY and 6% QoQ.
- Mobility segment adjusted EBITDA as a percentage of GMV was 12.8% in the third quarter of 2023, increasing from 12.5% in the same period last year.
- During the quarter, we continued to increase active driver supply while optimizing our existing driver supply to meet the strong demand growth. In the third quarter of 2023, monthly active driver supply increased by 9% YoY, while earnings per transit hour of driver-partners on our platform increased 8% YoY. Our efforts to improve supply have resulted in surged Mobility rides as a proportion of total rides reducing by 243 basis points YoY and 111 basis points QoQ.
- Our efforts to drive frequency and bring new user segments onto our platform by improving the affordability of our services are gaining traction. During the quarter, Mobility MTUs and transactions in the Philippines grew 18% and 28% QoQ, respectively, primarily driven by the re-launch of the enhanced MOVE IT app in May, our two-wheel ride-hailing service in the country.
- Revenue for Financial Services grew 156% YoY and on a constant currency basis, to $50 million in the third quarter of 2023. The YoY growth was driven primarily by improved monetization of our payments business and higher contributions from other services such as lending.
- GMV for Financial Services declined 15% YoY and on a constant currency basis, consistent with our efforts to focus on ecosystem transactions.
- Segment adjusted EBITDA for the quarter improved by 35% YoY to negative $68 million as we continue to reduce overhead expenses, attributable to improved operational efficiencies in our GrabFin cost structure. Cost of Funds, a variable cost that supports the payment platform, was higher YoY purely driven from increased transaction volumes. Cost of Funds represent 30% of our Financial Services segment cost structure. Digibank-related costs increased 11% QoQ as we prepare for the public launch of our Digibank outside of Singapore.
- Loans disbursed to our ecosystem partners continued to gain traction. Year-to-date from January to September 2023, total loan disbursements grew 52% YoY to reach $1 billion, while total loans outstanding amounted to $275 million at the end of the third quarter. Customer deposits in GXS Bank, our digital bank in Singapore launched at the beginning of the year, stood at $362 million as at the end of the third quarter.
- In September, our Malaysia digital bank, GX Bank Berhad (GXBank) was the ﬁrst of the ﬁve digital bank license applicants to receive the approval to commence operations from Bank Negara Malaysia, following the successful completion of an operational readiness review.
- In October, KakaoBank, South Korea’s leading digital bank, announced its investment of a 10% stake in Superbank, the Indonesian digital bank backed by Grab and Singtel, through the subscription of new shares. Through this strategic partnership, Superbank will be able to leverage on KakaoBank’s expertise and proven competitiveness in digital finance to collaborate in the development of products and services, and drive digital banking innovation in Indonesia.
Enterprise and New Initiatives
- Revenue from Enterprise and New Initiatives rose 83% YoY, or 84% YoY on a constant currency basis for the third quarter of 2023, primarily attributable to growing contributions from Advertising. During the third quarter, the total number of active advertisers who joined our self-serve platform increased 83% YoY, as we continued to deepen Advertising penetration among our merchant-partners.
- Segment adjusted EBITDA grew 160% YoY in the quarter compared to the same period in 2022, while segment adjusted EBITDA margins expanded to 41.0% as we improved the monetization of our Advertising offering.
Grab is a leading superapp in Southeast Asia, operating across the deliveries, mobility and digital financial services sectors. According to research done by Euromonitor for Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam, Grab remained the category leader in 2022 by GMV in online food deliveries and ride-hailing in Southeast Asia. Serving over 500 cities in eight Southeast Asian countries, Grab enables millions of people to order food or groceries, send packages, hail a ride or taxi, pay for online purchases or access services such as lending and insurance, all through a single app. Grab was founded in 2012 with the mission to drive Southeast Asia forward by creating economic empowerment for everyone, and strives to serve a triple bottom line: to simultaneously deliver financial performance for its shareholders and have a positive social and environmental impact in Southeast Asia.
This document and the announced investor webcast contain “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the “safe harbor” provisions of the U.S. Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. All statements other than statements of historical fact contained in this document and the webcast, including but not limited to, statements about Grab’s goals, targets, projections, outlooks, beliefs, expectations, strategy, plans, objectives of management for future operations of Grab, and growth opportunities, are forward-looking statements. Some of these forward-looking statements can be identified by the use of forward-looking words, including “anticipate,” “expect,” “suggest,” “plan,” “believe,” “intend,” “estimate,” “target,” “project,” “should,” “could,” “would,” “may,” “will,” “forecast” or other similar expressions. Forward-looking statements are based upon estimates and forecasts and reflect the views, assumptions, expectations, and opinions of Grab, which involve inherent risks and uncertainties, and therefore should not be relied upon as being necessarily indicative of future results. A number of factors, including macro-economic, industry, business, regulatory and other risks, could cause actual results to differ materially from those contained in any forward-looking statement, including but not limited to: Grab’s ability to grow at the desired rate or scale and its ability to manage its growth; its ability to further develop its business, including new products and services; its ability to attract and retain partners and consumers; its ability to compete effectively in the intensely competitive and constantly changing market; its ability to continue to raise sufficient capital; its ability to reduce net losses and the use of partner and consumer incentives, and to achieve profitability; potential impact of the complex legal and regulatory environment on its business; its ability to protect and maintain its brand and reputation; general economic conditions, in particular as a result of COVID-19, currency exchange fluctuations and inflation; expected growth of markets in which Grab operates or may operate; and its ability to defend any legal or governmental proceedings instituted against it. In addition to the foregoing factors, you should also carefully consider the other risks and uncertainties described under “Item 3. Key Information – D. Risk Factors” and in other sections of Grab’s annual report on Form 20-F for the year ended December 31, 2022, as well as in other documents filed by Grab from time to time with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”).
Forward-looking statements speak only as of the date they are made. Grab does not undertake any obligation to update any forward-looking statement, whether as a result of new information, future developments, or otherwise, except as required under applicable law.
Unaudited Financial Information
Grab’s unaudited selected financial data for the three months and nine months ended September 30, 2023 and 2022 included in this document and the investor webcast is based on financial data derived from Grab’s management accounts that have not been reviewed or audited.
Non-IFRS Financial Measures
This document and the investor webcast include references to non-IFRS financial measures, which include: Adjusted EBITDA, Segment Adjusted EBITDA, Total Segment Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA margin. Grab uses these non-IFRS financial measures for financial and operational decision-making and as a means to evaluate period-to-period comparisons, and Grab’s management believes that these non-IFRS financial measures provide meaningful supplemental information regarding its performance by excluding certain items that may not be indicative of its recurring core business operating results. For example, Grab’s management uses: Total Segment Adjusted EBITDA as a useful indicator of the economics of Grab’s business segments, as it does not include regional corporate costs. However, there are a number of limitations related to the use of non-IFRS financial measures, and as such, the presentation of these non-IFRS financial measures should not be considered in isolation from, or as an alternative to, financial measures determined in accordance with IFRS. In addition, these non-IFRS financial measures may differ from non-IFRS financial measures with comparable names used by other companies. See below for additional explanations about the non-IFRS financial measures, including their definitions and a reconciliation of these measures to the most directly comparable IFRS financial measures. With regard to forward-looking non-IFRS guidance and targets provided in this document and the investor webcast, Grab is unable to provide a reconciliation of these forward-looking non-IFRS measures to the most directly comparable IFRS measures without unreasonable efforts because the information needed to reconcile these measures is dependent on future events, many of which Grab is unable to control or predict.
Explanation of non-IFRS financial measures:
- Adjusted EBITDA is a non-IFRS financial measure calculated as net loss adjusted to exclude: (i) net interest income (expenses), (ii) other income (expenses), (iii) income tax expenses (credit), (iv) depreciation and amortization, (v) share-based compensation expenses, (vi) costs related to mergers and acquisitions, (vii) unrealized foreign exchange gain (loss), (viii) impairment loss on goodwill and non-financial assets, (ix) fair value changes on investments, (x) restructuring costs, (xi) legal, tax and regulatory settlement provisions and (xii) share listing and associated expenses.
- Segment Adjusted EBITDA is a non-IFRS financial measure, representing the Adjusted EBITDA of each of our four business segments, excluding, in each case, regional corporate costs.
- Total Segment Adjusted EBITDA is a non-IFRS financial measure, representing the sum of Adjusted EBITDA of our four business segments.
- Adjusted EBITDA margin is a non-IFRS financial measure calculated as Adjusted EBITDA divided by Gross Merchandise Value.
This document and the investor webcast also includes “Pre-InterCo” data that does not reflect elimination of intragroup transactions, which means such data includes earnings and other amounts from transactions between entities within the Grab group that are eliminated upon consolidation. Such data differs materially from the corresponding figures post-elimination of intra-group transactions.
We compare the percent change in our current period results from the corresponding prior period using constant currency. We present constant currency growth rate information to provide a framework for assessing how our underlying GMV and revenue performed excluding the effect of foreign currency rate fluctuations. We calculate constant currency by translating our current period financial results using the corresponding prior period’s monthly exchange rates for our transacted currencies other than the U.S. dollar.
Gross Merchandise Value (GMV) is an operating metric representing the sum of the total dollar value of transactions from Grab’s products and services, including any applicable taxes, tips, tolls, surcharges and fees, over the period of measurement. GMV includes sales made through offline stores. GMV is a metric by which Grab understands, evaluates and manages its business, and Grab’s management believes is necessary for investors to understand and evaluate its business. GMV provides useful information to investors as it represents the amount of customer spend that is being directed through Grab’s platform. This metric enables Grab and investors to understand, evaluate and compare the total amount of customer spending that is being directed through its platform over a period of time. Grab presents GMV as a metric to understand and compare, and to enable investors to understand and compare, Grab’s aggregate operating results, which captures significant trends in its business over time.
Total Payments Volume (TPV) means total payments volume received from consumers, which is an operating metric defined as the value of payments, net of payment reversals, successfully completed through our platform.
Monthly Transacting User (MTUs) is defined as the monthly number of unique users who transact via Grab’s apps (including OVO), where transact means to have successfully paid for any of Grab’s products or services. MTUs over a quarterly or annual period are calculated based on the average of the MTUs for each month in the relevant period. Starting in 2023, MTUs additionally include the monthly number of unique users who transact with Grab offline while recording their loyalty points on Grab’s apps. MTUs is a metric by which Grab understands, evaluates and manages its business, and Grab’s management believes is necessary for investors to understand and evaluate its business.
Partner incentives is an operating metric representing the dollar value of incentives granted to driver- and merchant-partners, the effect of which is to reduce revenue. The incentives granted to driver- and merchant-partners include base incentives and excess incentives, with base incentives being the amount of incentives paid to driver- and merchant-partners up to the amount of commissions and fees earned by us from those driver- and merchant-partners, and excess incentives being the amount of payments made to driver- and merchant-partners that exceed the amount of commissions and fees earned by us from those driver- and merchant-partners. For certain delivery offerings where Grab is contractually responsible for delivery services provided to end-users, incentives granted to driver-partners are recognized in cost of revenue.
Consumer incentives is an operating metric representing the dollar value of discounts and promotions offered to consumers, the effect of which is to reduce revenue. Partner incentives and consumer incentives are metrics by which we understand, evaluate and manage our business, and we believe are necessary for investors to understand and evaluate our business. We believe these metrics capture significant trends in our business over time.
Industry and Market Data
This document also contains information, estimates and other statistical data derived from third party sources (including Euromonitor), including research, surveys or studies, some of which are preliminary drafts, conducted by third parties, information provided by customers and/or industry or general publications. Such information involves a number of assumptions and limitations and due to the nature of the techniques and methodologies used in market research, and as such neither Grab nor the third-party sources (including Euromonitor) can guarantee the accuracy of such information. You are cautioned not to give undue weight on such estimates. Grab has not independently verified such third-party information, and makes no representation as to the accuracy of such third-party information.
Unaudited Summary of Financial Results
As we incurred a net loss for the period ended September 30, 2023, basic loss per share was the same as diluted loss per share.
The number of outstanding Class A and Class B ordinary shares was 3,800 million and 112 million for the period ended September 30, 2023. 354 million potentially dilutive outstanding securities were excluded from the computation of diluted loss per ordinary share because their effects would have been antidilutive for the period ended September 30, 2023, or issuance of such shares is contingent upon the satisfaction of certain conditions which were not satisfied by the end of the period.
 Deliveries revenues benefited in Q3 2023 due to a business model change implemented in Q4 2022 for certain delivery offerings in one of our markets from being an agent arranging for delivery services provided by our driver-partners to end-users, to being a principal whereby Grab is the delivery service provider contractually responsible for the delivery services provided to end-users. Assuming the change in business model had occurred in 2022, Q3 2023 Group revenue growth would have been 35% YoY.
 On-Demand GMV is defined as the sum of Mobility and Deliveries GMV.
 We calculate constant currency by translating our current period financial results using the corresponding prior period’s monthly exchange rates for our transacted currencies other than the U.S. dollar.
 Regional corporate costs are costs that have not been attributed to any of the business segments, including certain costs of revenue, research and development expenses, general and administrative expenses and marketing expenses. These regional costs of revenue include cloud computing costs. These regional research and development expenses also include mapping and payment technologies and support and development of the internal technology infrastructure. These general and administrative expenses also include certain shared costs such as finance, accounting, tax, human resources, technology and legal costs. Regional corporate costs exclude share-based compensation expenses and capitalized software costs.
 Cash liquidity includes cash on hand, time deposits, and marketable securities.
 Net cash liquidity includes cash liquidity less loans and borrowings.
 Deliveries revenues benefited in Q3 2023 due to a business model change implemented in Q4 2022 for certain delivery offerings in one of our markets from being an agent arranging for delivery services provided by our driver-partners to end-users, to being a principal whereby Grab is the delivery service provider contractually responsible for the delivery services provided to end-users. Assuming the change in business model had occurred in 2022, Q3 2023 Deliveries revenue growth would have been 26% YoY.
 Average 6-month retention rates of GrabUnlimited subscribers in Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore and Thailand from April to September 2023.
 Earnings per transit hour across both Mobility and Deliveries.
 Surged Mobility rides are defined as completed rides where demand exceeds supply in a specified region and/or where pricing regulations adherence is required.
 Total loans outstanding include current and non-current loan receivables held by Grab and GXS Singapore.